Western Bypass

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Project Overview

To provide a bypass for Route 29 through traffic around the Charlottesville metropolitan area. The bypass also provides a direct connection from U.S. 29 north to the North Grounds of the University of Virginia.
Cost $245 million
Location TBD
Sponsor VDOT
Next meeting September 2012 citizen information meeting (Date TBA)[1]

Status Update

In the summer of 2012, VDOT is conducting an environmental assessment to determine if further review is necessary. A draft EA will be sent to the Federal Highway Administration by July 2012. The FHWA is expected to determine where previous approvals are still valid. Meanwhile, VDOT has awarded a $135 million design-build contract to the Skanska-Branch team. [1]

Website http://www.virginiadot.org/projects/culpeper/rt._29_bypass.asp
VDOT Dashboard VDOT Dashboard Entry
Contact Lou Hatter, Public Affairs Manager, Culpeper District, VDOT

The Western Bypass is a plan for a limited-access road bypassing commercial areas of U.S. Route 29 to the west of Charlottesville.

Ambox notice.png This article documents a current event. Information may change rapidly as the event progresses.


The Western Bypass is a long-proposed 6.2-mile road to provide a limited access bypass of the commercial area on Route 29. The stated purpose of the project is to provide a bypass for Route 29 through traffic around the Charlottesville metropolitan area. The bypass also provides a direct connection from U.S. 29 north to the North Grounds of the University of Virginia.

Costs and funding

A cost estimate produced on July 21, 2011 puts the total cost estimate for the road at $235 million. [2]

In 2011, Commonwealth Transportation Board member James Rich said he estimated the Western Bypass would cost between $250 million and $300 million.[3] In 2005, the Charlottesville Regional Chamber of Commerce estimated the price at $271-280 million. VDOT provided the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors an official estimate of $166 million on March 1, 2006, but in doing so acknowledged the cost model on this project may not be comprehensive.

Overturning MPO opposition

In July 1996, the MPO Policy Board passed a resolution barring VDOT from allocating any money towards construction of the project. In November 2002, the MPO adopted a transportation improvement plan that stated “the project as designed does not meet community or regional needs, and has been determined too costly for the transportation benefits to be gained.” [4] The Board of Supervisors voted on June 8, 2011 to direct their representatives on the MPO to vote to remove that language. [5]


Many people in the community thought the project was out of consideration until Albemarle County Supervisor Rodney Thomas indicated in May 2011 he wanted the MPO to drop its opposition to the allocation of construction funding.[4] Around $36 million has been used for the purchase of right-of-way along the route. The project had been on VDOT's six-year improvement program for many years, but there has been no additional funding allocated to the project since 2002, except for maintenance of rental properties VDOT manages.

In June 2011 the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors changed its policy position to support the Western Bypass.[6] The board was previously opposed to the bypass until other road projects were completed (see Three Party Agreement). As of June 2011, the Western Bypass is scheduled for public hearings before the Metropolitan Planning Organization in July 2011. Virginia Secretary of Transportation Sean Connaughton has promised to find funding for the bypass, and the widening of U.S. Route 29 between Polo Grounds Road and Hollymead Town Center, if local opposition to the project is eliminated by the MPO.[3]

The current official position of VDOT is that some land for right of way has been acquired, but construction is not planned by the Commonwealth Transportation Board and no funding is provided for construction.[3]

That changed when the CTB allocated $197 million in funding to the project at their meeting on July 20, 2011. [7] On June 24, 2011, VDOT Commissioner Gregory A. Whirley sent a letter to MPO Director Steve Williams formally requesting the MPO amend its constrained long-range transportation plan to include the bypass. While the letter states that there is a 'reasonable assurance' of funding, the MPO will not be given details of how the project will be funded until after the July meeting. [8]

Officials in both Lynchburg and Danville have demanded the bypass be constructed. [9]

Future of right of way?

Part of the reason for the speedy resurrection was the fate of land purchased for the project. The first parcels were purchased in 1991. State code requires property acquired by VDOT to be offered back to the original owner twenty-years after purchase if the project is not active.[10] The code has several exceptions, including the allowance of an extension if the project has been in litigation.

In 2007, State Senator Steve Newman of Lynchburg requested an opinion from then-Attorney General Bob McDonnell about whether the Charlottesville-Albemarle Metropolitan Planning Organization would be required to pay back the money expended so far on the project if the MPO removed the project from its Six-Year Transportation Improvement Plan.[11][12] McDonnell's office concluded that in this situation, if the Federal Highway Administration requested reimbursement, VDOT would be required to reimburse the federal government. Additionally, VDOT would deduct all state funds spend so far on the project from the highway construction funds allocated to the Culpeper District of VDOT where the Western Bypass would be located.

Following McDonnell's October 2007 determination, Virginia Secretary of Transportation Pierce Homer wrote a letter dated December 21, 2007 to CTB member John Davies regarding the status of Western Bypass right of way and federal funding invested in the project. The major conclusion is: "If decisions are made not to build, any available revenues after covering expenditures on the projects should be available to use toward other projects in the Culpeper District." This letter is cited by bypass opponents as evidence that even after 20 years, the ROW investment will not be lost back to the federal government.

However, Connaughton said he believed in McDonnell's interpretation of federal law and cited the possibility of being forced to sell the right of way as one reason to proceed.


On September 27, 2011, VDOT issued a request for proposals to design and build the highway. [13]

Ten construction firms answered the RFP with Submittals of Qualifications and nine of those qualified and moved on to the second stage, in which they will submit proposals by April 17, 2012[14].

Bidding firms

  • American Infrastructure / Kimley-Horn; Glen Allen, Va.
  • CH2MHILL; Richmond, Va.
  • Charlottesville Bypass Constructors (Shirley-English) / Dewberry; Lorton, Va.
  • CK Constructors (Corman-Kiewit) / Jansen and Spaans; Annapolis Junction, Md.
  • Granite-Wagman / Gannett Fleming; Tarrytown, N.Y.
  • Lane / RK&K; Chantilly, Va.
  • Skanska-Branch / JMT; Virginia Beach, Va.
  • United Infrastructure / T.Y. Lin; North Charleston, S.C.
  • Zachry / TranSystems; San Antonio, Texas


In June of 2012 the Commonwealth Transportation Board awarded the $135 million contract to Virginia Beach-based Skanska Branch Highways team. The contract was awarded over objections raised by VDOT's Culpeper District representative, James Rich, who argued in favor of the Places29 Master Plan as a more cost-effective alternative.[1].


Several organizations have emerged in opposition to the proposed bypass, including the Southern Environmental Law Center and the Piedmont Environmental Council. Groups that oppose the plan argue that the bypass will negatively impact the landscape of the area and will accomplish little to alleviate traffic on 29.[15] In July 2012, the SELC, in collaboration with the Piedmont Environmental Council, released a plan presenting alternatives to the 6.2 mile bypass that included Berkmar Drive Extended and the so-called Best Buy Ramp.[16]

Dennis Rooker's disclosure

On June 16, 2002, Rooker filed a transactional disclosure statement with the county attorney's office explaining his potential conflict of interest involving the proposed Western Bypass of U.S. 29. Rooker and his wife owns 7.1% of Roslyn Ridge LC, which owns a portion of land adjacent to the bypass. The document contains a statement that Rooker is "able to participate" in votes related to the bypass because many other parties have an interest in the outcome of the case as well. [17]

Maps & Plans

VDOT's August 1999 "roll plan" of U.S. 29 Western Bypass preliminary design -> View FULL SIZE PDF

VDOT's July 23, 1997 preliminary engineering plans for U.S. 29 Western Bypass

Locator Map


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Web. Western Bypass contract awarded, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, Charlottesville, VA, June 20, 2012, retrieved June 25, 2012.
  2. Web. VDOT Dashboard, Virginia Department of Transportation, Virginia Department of Transportation, retrieved August 18, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Web. No state funding for Western Bypass yet, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, 16 June 2011, retrieved 20 June 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Web. Supervisor Thomas calls for MPO to change western bypass policy, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, May 26, 2011, retrieved June 22, 2011.
  5. Web. Dorrier makes late-night switch to revive Western Bypass, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, June 9, 2011, retrieved June 22, 2011.
  6. Web. [1], Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, 9 June 2011, retrieved 20 June 2011.
  7. Web. Uncertainty remains over public process for bypass action, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, June 21, 2011, retrieved June 6, 2011.
  8. Web. Reasonable Assurance of Funding for Key Albemarle County Transportation Projects, Gregory A. Whirley, Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Transportation, Virginia Department of Transportation, June 24, 2011, retrieved June 27, 2011.
  9. Web. Charlottesville bypass again being sought, Denice Thibodeau, Danville Register & Bee, December 27, 2010, retrieved December 28, 2010.
  10. Web. Virginia Code Section 33. 1-90, Commonwealth of Virginia, retrieved June 22, 2011.
  11. McDonnell, Robert. "AG Op. HIGHWAYS, BRIDGES AND FERRIES: TRANSPORTATION BOARD, 2007 Va. AG 102 (07-069) HIGHWAYS, BRIDGES AND FERRIES: TRANSPORTATION BOARD — ALLOCATION OF HIGHWAY FUNDS — MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS." Web. 23 Aug. 2010. <http://www.cvilletomorrow.org/docs/20071004-AG-opinion-on-bypass.pdf>.
  12. Web. Opinions of the Attorney General and report to the Governor of Virginia 2007, Attorneyy General, Commonwealth of Virginia, retrieved 12 July 2011.
  13. Web. VDOT ISSUES REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS FOR RT. 29 BYPASS, Shannon Marshall, Virginia Department of Transportation, Richmond, Virginia, September 27, 2011, retrieved October 26, 2011.
  14. Web. 9 Firms qualified for Charlottesville Bypass RFP, Tamara Rollison, Virginia Department of Transportation, Richmond, VA, December 16, 2011, retrieved December 21, 2011.
  15. Web. Bypass plans raise questions, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, Charlottesville, VA, July 3, 2012, retrieved July 18, 2012.
  16. Web. Bypass opponents launch campaign to promote alternatives, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, Charlottesville, VA, July 12, 2012, retrieved July 18, 2012.
  17. Web. Transactional Disclosure Statement, Albemarle County, Albemarle County, June 16, 2002, retrieved June 22, 2011.


Studies related to the Western Bypass available on cvillepedia


Correspondence related to the Western Bypass available on cvillepedia

External Links