Point-in-Time (PIT) Count

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The Point-in-Time (PIT) Count is an annual effort led by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to count sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons on a single night in January.

2021 Point-in-Time Count

The statewide date has been set for January 27, 2021 with a backup date of January 28, 2021. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and consideration of safety and workload concerns, HUD has allowed communities to make changes in the execution of both the sheltered and unsheltered January 2021 Point-in-Time (PIT) count.[1]

2020 Point-in-Time Count

The 2020 Point-in-Time Count will be held the night of Wednesday January 22, 2020 [citation needed]

Point-in-Time (PIT) Count

The Point-in-Time Count, as a one-night survey of the homeless population, does not represent a definitive census of the homeless. Instead, it offers a general snapshot of what is happening in the community.[2] HUD requires that Continuums of Care (CoCs) conduct an annual count of homeless persons who are sheltered in emergency shelter, transitional housing, and Safe Havens on a single night. to estimate the number of homeless Americans, without safe, stable housing nationwide to help direct resources based on need.

What the PIT Count Measures

The PIT Count is among the ways estimates the homeless population nationwide to help direct resources based on need.

The PIT Count and what it measures

Most recent PIT Count as of January 2019

  • The PIT Count is administered by HUD’s more than 400 Continuums of Care (CoCs), which are local planning bodies responsible for coordinating all homelessness services in a geographic area.
  • During even-numbered years, CoCs are only required to count sheltered persons (those living in emergency shelters and transitional housing), although many CoCs voluntarily collect data about unsheltered persons during those years.
  • During odd-numbered years, CoCs are required to count sheltered and unsheltered persons—those living on the street or in another place not meant for human habitation.
  • The January 2019 PIT Count results reflect national snapshots of homelessness through the end of 2018.[3]


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