Difference between revisions of "Mike Signer"

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{{Infobox Officeholder
 
{{Infobox Officeholder
| name = Mike Signer
+
| name = "Mike" Signer (D)
| photo = VOTER-GUIDE-Mike-Signer.jpg
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| photo = 2015-Mike Signer bw.JPG
| caption =  
+
| caption = Atri Michael "Mike" Signer, ca. 2015
| office1= Mayor <br/>[[Charlottesville City Council]]
+
| office1= Councilor<br/>[[Charlottesville City Council]]
| district1 =
+
| district1 = At-large
| party1 = Democratic
+
| party1 = Nonpartisan
| term_start1 = January 4, 2016  
+
| election1 = November 3, 2015
| term_end1 = December 2017
+
| term_start1 = January 1, 2016
| preceded1 = [[Satyendra Huja]]
+
| term_end1 = December 31, 2019
 +
| preceded1 =[[Dede Smith]] (D)
 
| succeeded1 =
 
| succeeded1 =
| office2= Member of <br/>[[Charlottesville City Council]]
+
| office2 = President (mayor) <br/>[[Charlottesville City Council]]
| district2 =
+
| district2 = Elected by and from council
| party2 = Democratic
+
| party2 = Nonpartisan
| election2 = November 3, 2015
+
| term_start2 = January 1, 2016
| term_start2 = January 2016
+
| term_end2 = December 31, 2017
| term_end2 = December 2019
+
| preceded2 = [[Satyendra Huja]] (D)
| preceded2 =
+
| succeeded2 = [[Nikuyah Walker]] (I)
| succeeded2 =
 
 
| birth_date = Jan. 1, 1973<br/>Age {{age|1973|01|01}}
 
| birth_date = Jan. 1, 1973<br/>Age {{age|1973|01|01}}
 
| date_of_death =
 
| date_of_death =
| birth_place =  
+
| birth_place = Arlington, Virginia
 
| place_of_death =
 
| place_of_death =
| spouse = Emily Blout
+
| spouse = Emily Blout (m. 2012)
| children = 2 boys
+
| children = 2
| residence =  
+
| residence = [[Tonsler Precinct]] (301) <br/> [[Alumni Hall Precinct]] (402)
| alma_mater = B.A., Princeton University<br/>Ph.D., University of California <br/> J.D., University of Virginia School of Law <ref name="profile">{{cite-progress|title=For Mayor Signer, public service is 'the cause of my life'|url=http://www.dailyprogress.com/news/politics/for-charlottesville-mayor-signer-public-service-is-the-cause-of/article_124295c1-b969-517b-a8b5-4c9c64d58f49.html|author=Chris Suarez|pageno=|printdate=January 9, 2016|publishdate=January 9, 2016|accessdate=December 27, 2016}}</ref>
+
| alma_mater = B.A., Princeton University<br/>Ph.D., University of California <br/> J.D., University of Virginia School of Law (class of 2004)<ref name="profile">{{cite-progress|title=For Mayor Signer, public service is 'the cause of my life'|url=http://www.dailyprogress.com/news/politics/for-charlottesville-mayor-signer-public-service-is-the-cause-of/article_124295c1-b969-517b-a8b5-4c9c64d58f49.html|author=Chris Suarez|pageno=|printdate=January 9, 2016|publishdate=January 9, 2016|accessdate=December 27, 2016}}</ref>
 
| profession = Attorney  
 
| profession = Attorney  
| religion =
+
| religion = Judaism
 
| website = http://www.mikesigner.com/
 
| website = http://www.mikesigner.com/
 
| vpapid = 74551
 
| vpapid = 74551
| vpap_donations =  
+
| vpap_donations = https://www.vpap.org/donors/256996-signer-for-charlottesville-city-council-mike/
 
}}
 
}}
 +
''See also: [[Charlottesville City Council (2016-2017)]], [[Charlottesville City Council (2018-2019)]]''
  
'''Michael Signer''' became Mayor of the [[City of Charlottesville]] on January 4, [[2016]]. <ref name="mayor">{{cite-progress|title=Signer chosen as Charlottesville mayor amid public dissension|url=http://www.dailyprogress.com/news/local/signer-chosen-as-charlottesville-mayor-amid-public-dissension/article_58d8a14c-b341-11e5-b037-436a2a772985.html|author=Chris Suarez|pageno=|printdate=January 4, 2016|publishdate=January 4, 2016|accessdate=December 27, 2016}}</ref> <ref>{{minutes-citycouncil|when=January 4, 2016|id=732436}}</ref>
+
'''Atri Michael "Mike" Signer''' was a member of the City Council from January 2016 to December 31, 2019. He served as mayor for the first two years of his four-year term.<ref name="mayor">{{cite-progress|title=Signer as Charlottesville mayor amid public dissension|url=http://www.dailyprogress.com/news/local/signer-chosen-as-charlottesville-mayor-amid-public-dissension/article_58d8a14c-b341-11e5-b037-436a2a772985.html|author=Chris Suarez|pageno=|printdate=January 4, 2016|publishdate=January 4, 2016|accessdate=December 27, 2016}}</ref> <ref>{{minutes-citycouncil|when=January 4, 2016|id=732436}}</ref>
 
 
He was elected to the [[Charlottesville City Council]] on November 3, 2015. <ref name="unofficial">{{cite web|title=2015 November General - Unofficial Results|url=http://results.elections.virginia.gov/vaelections/2015%20November%20General/Site/Locality/ALBEMARLE%20COUNTY/Index.html|author=|work=|publisher=Virginia State Board of Elections|location=|publishdate=November 3, 2015|accessdate=November 3, 2015}}</ref>
 
 
 
Signer is a Charlottesville attorney and one of three Democratic nominees for [[City Council]] in the [[2015 election]]. <ref>{{cite web|title=Signer launches race for Charlottesville City Council|url=http://www.cvilletomorrow.org/news/article/20153-signer-launches-race-for-charlottesville-city-coun/|author=Sean Tubbs|work=|publisher=Charlottesville Tomorrow|location=|publishdate=February 11, 2015|accessdate=February 12, 2015}}</ref>
 
 
 
He has also served as president of the [[Fifeville Neighborhood Association]].
 
 
 
==Biography==
 
Signer attended Washington and Lee High School in Arlington County. He credits attending Earth Day in 1990 as one reason he sought out public service. <ref name="profile" /> At Princeton University, he helped work on the 1992 presidential campaign  of Bill Clinton. After graduation he worked on a series of internships and campaigns including Mark Warner's unsuccessful bid for Senate in 1996. He earned a Ph.D. in political theory from the University of California but chose to apply his education to practice rather than remain an academic. He decided to attend law school at the [[University of Virginia]]. He bought his house in Fifeville in 2005. Though he moved out of Charlottesville, he kept the home. <ref name="profile" />
 
 
 
Signer then worked as a policy fellow for organizations such as Third Way and Center for American Progress. He also taught at Virginia Tech during this period. Signer decided to seek office after being inspired by Tom Perriello's successful run for Virginia's 5th Congressional District. In 2009, he ran for lieutenant governor and received 21 percent of the vote in the Democratic primary. He also founded his law firm, the [[Madison Law & Strategy Group]] and wrote his first book. <ref name="profile" />
 
 
 
Signer moved back to Charlottesville in 2013 with his wife, [[Emily Blout]]. He got involved with several groups including the [[Fifeville Neighborhood Association]]. <ref name="profile" />
 
 
 
 
 
==Committee assignments==
 
  
Signer was appointed to the following committees in January 2016. <ref>{{cite email|subject=RE: list of appointments|from=Paige Rice|sourceorg=City of Charlottesville|to=Sean Tubbs|repositoryorg=Charlottesville Tomorrow|senddate=January 7, 2016}}</ref>
+
== Brief Bio==
*Audit Committee
+
Signer is attorney and politician who served as mayor of Charlottesville from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018. A member of the [[Charlottesville Democratic Committee|Democratic Party]],  Signer is managing principal of Madison Law & Strategy Group, PLLC headquartered in Arlington, VA; a boutique strategic counseling firm which he founded in 2010. Signer practices corporate and regulatory law and is Vice President and General Counsel of [[WillowTree, Inc|WillowTree, Inc.]], a technology firm in Charlottesville.  As mayor, Signer formed a [[Mayor’s Advisory Council on Innovation and Technology]] to assemble leaders in the capital, business, university, and policy spaces.<ref>https://www.cvilletomorrow.org/articles/tom-tom-announces-future-forum-to-discuss-the-futu</ref> In 2005, Signer bought a house in the [[Fifeville Neighborhood]]. He worked for the [[Center for American Progress]], and with [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Podesta John Podesta] on [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama Barack Obama]'s State Department Transition Team. Signer moved back to Charlottesville in 2013 with his wife, [[Emily Blout]]. A lecturer at the University of Virginia, he teaches in both the Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics and the Batten School for Leadership and Public Policy. Signer previously chaired the [[Emergency Food Network]], served as president of the [[Fifeville Neighborhood Association]], and was a member of the steering committee of the [[West Main Street Redevelopment Project]]. In 2017, Signer and his wife, Dr. [[Emily Blout]], an Assistant Professor in the Department of Media Studies at the University of Virginia, moved from the [[Fifeville Neighborhood]] to the [[Venable Neighborhood]]. They have two children who attend a local Montessori School.
*Cable Franchise Committee
 
*[[Planning and Coordinating Council]]
 
*School Capital Projects
 
*Social Services Advisory Board
 
  
==Mayor==
+
==[[2009 election]]==
Shortly after being selected as mayor on January 4, 2016, Signer became the target of activist [[Jeff Fogel]] who questioned how and why he had been chosen. Former City Council candidate [[Paul Long]] questioned the amount of money raised by Signer for the election. Signer spent $51,305 in the general election compared to $28,632 spent by [[Wes Bellamy]] and $23,081 spent by [[Kathy Galvin]]. <ref>{{cite web|title=Elections for Mike Signer|url=http://www.vpap.org/candidates/87148/elections/|author=|work=|publisher=Virginia Public Access Project|location=|publishdate=|accessdate=December 27, 2016}}</ref> Bellamy defended Signer. Fogel tried to respond but was ruled out of order. <ref>{{cite web|title=Signer elected mayor, Bellamy vice mayor|url=http://www.c-ville.com/signer-elected-mayor-bellamy-vice-mayor/#.WGPcuFMrKpp|author=Lisa Provence|work=News Article|publisher=C-Ville Weekly|location=|publishdate=January 5, 2016|accessdate=December 27, 2016}}</ref>
+
Signer was a candidate for lieutenant governor in the [[2009 election]].  
 
 
==2015 election==
 
  
 +
==[[2015 election]]==
 +
After moving back to Charlottesville in 2013, Signer got involved with several groups including the [[Fifeville Neighborhood Association]]. <ref name="profile" />
 +
He was one of three Democratic nominees<ref>{{cite web|title=Signer launches race for Charlottesville City Council|url=http://www.cvilletomorrow.org/news/article/20153-signer-launches-race-for-charlottesville-city-coun/|author=Sean Tubbs|work=|publisher=Charlottesville Tomorrow|location=|publishdate=February 11, 2015|accessdate=February 12, 2015}}</ref> for three open seats on the City Council. He was elected to the [[Charlottesville City Council]] on November 3, 2015. <ref name="unofficial">{{cite web|title=2015 November General - Unofficial Results|url=http://results.elections.virginia.gov/vaelections/2015%20November%20General/Site/Locality/ALBEMARLE%20COUNTY/Index.html|author=|work=|publisher=Virginia State Board of Elections|location=|publishdate=November 3, 2015|accessdate=November 3, 2015}}</ref>
 
{{2015 election/City Council}}
 
{{2015 election/City Council}}
  
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|source=http://www.cvilletomorrow.org/news/article/22306-mike-signer/
 
|source=http://www.cvilletomorrow.org/news/article/22306-mike-signer/
 
}}
 
}}
 
  
 
===Audio of Campaign Announcement===
 
===Audio of Campaign Announcement===
 
{{MP3|url=http://s3.amazonaws.com/cville/cm%2Fmutlimedia%2F20150211-signer-announcement.MP3}}  
 
{{MP3|url=http://s3.amazonaws.com/cville/cm%2Fmutlimedia%2F20150211-signer-announcement.MP3}}  
{{bio-stub}}
 
  
 +
===[[Charlottesville City Council (2016-2017)]]===
 +
On January 4, 2016, at the council's organizational meeting, Signer was unanimously selected by his peers to serve as mayor for a two-year term.
 +
====Mayor====
 +
Shortly after being selected as mayor, Signer became the target of activist [[Jeff Fogel]] who questioned how and why he had been chosen. Former City Council candidate [[Paul Long]] questioned the amount of money raised by Signer for the election. Signer spent $51,305 in the general election compared to $28,632 spent by [[Wes Bellamy]] and $23,081 spent by [[Kathy Galvin]]. <ref>{{cite web|title=Elections for Mike Signer|url=http://www.vpap.org/candidates/87148/elections/|author=|work=|publisher=Virginia Public Access Project|location=|publishdate=|accessdate=December 27, 2016}}</ref> Bellamy defended Signer. Fogel tried to respond but was ruled out of order. <ref>{{cite web|title=Signer elected mayor, Bellamy vice mayor|url=http://www.c-ville.com/signer-elected-mayor-bellamy-vice-mayor/#.WGPcuFMrKpp|author=Lisa Provence|work=News Article|publisher=C-Ville Weekly|location=|publishdate=January 5, 2016|accessdate=December 27, 2016}}</ref> <ref>{{minutes-citycouncil|when=January 4, 2016|id=732436}}</ref>
 +
*[[January 31]], [[2017]] &ndash; Mayor Mike Signer holds “Capital of the Resistance” press conference on Downtown Mall.<ref name="Heaphy Report">{{cite web|title=FINAL REPORT INDEPENDENT REVIEW OF THE 2017 PROTEST EVENTS IN CHARLOTTESVILLE, VIRGINIA|url=https://www.charlottesville.org/home/showdocument?id=59691|author= Hunton & Williams LLP |work=|publisher=|location=|publishdate= December 1, 2017|accessdate=December 1, 2019}}</ref>
 +
====Committee assignments====
 +
Signer was appointed to the following committees in January 2016. <ref>{{cite email|subject=RE: list of appointments|from=Paige Rice|sourceorg=City of Charlottesville|to=Sean Tubbs|repositoryorg=Charlottesville Tomorrow|senddate=January 7, 2016}}</ref>
 +
*Audit Committee
 +
*Cable Franchise Committee
 +
*[[Planning and Coordinating Council]]
 +
*School Capital Projects
 +
*Social Services Advisory Board
 +
===[[Charlottesville City Council (2018-2019)]]===
 +
==[[2019 election]]==
 +
Signer announced on March 28, 2019 that he would not seek a second term on Council. <ref>{{cite-progress|title=Councilors Bellamy, Signer will not seek re-election|url=https://www.dailyprogress.com/news/local/city/councilors-bellamy-signer-will-not-seek-re-election/article_5f726620-51a7-11e9-815c-17b2febac82b.html|author=Nolan Stout|pageno=|printdate=March 29, 2019|publishdate=March 29, 2019|accessdate=March 29, 2019}}</ref>
 +
 +
==Biography==
 +
Signer lives in Charlottesville with his wife, [[Emily Blout]], and their twin sons. Signer attended Washington and Lee High School in Arlington County. He credits attending Earth Day in 1990 as one reason he sought out public service. <ref name="profile" /> At Princeton University, he helped work on the 1992 presidential campaign  of Bill Clinton. After graduation he worked on a series of internships and campaigns including Mark Warner's unsuccessful bid for Senate in 1996. Signer earned a Ph.D. in political science from the University of California, Berkeley, and a J.D. from the [[University of Virginia School of Law]], where he was a Clerk at the [[Legal Aid Justice Center]] and Research Assistant to Professors A. E. Dick Howard and Michael Klarman. He has also served as president of the [[Fifeville Neighborhood Association]]. Signer bought a house in Fifeville in 2005. Though he later moved out of Charlottesville, he kept the home. <ref name="profile" /> Signer moved back to Charlottesville in 2013 with his family. He got involved with several groups including the [[Fifeville Neighborhood Association]]. <ref name="profile" />
 +
 +
Signer then worked as a policy fellow for organizations such as Third Way and Center for American Progress. He also taught at Virginia Tech during this period. Signer decided to seek office after being inspired by [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Perriello Tom Perriello]'s successful run for Virginia's 5th Congressional District. In 2009, he ran for lieutenant governor and received 21 percent of the vote in the Democratic primary. He also founded his law firm, the [[Madison Law & Strategy Group]] and wrote his first book. <ref name="profile" />
 +
{{bio-stub}}
 
==Photo gallery==
 
==Photo gallery==
 
{{clear}}
 
{{clear}}
 
<gallery caption="Photo gallery" widths="210px" heights="180px" perrow="3">
 
<gallery caption="Photo gallery" widths="210px" heights="180px" perrow="3">
 
+
VOTER-GUIDE-Mike-Signer.jpg
 
20161024-signer-bos.jpg|Signer asks Albemarle Board of Supervisors to keep county's court systems in Court Square
 
20161024-signer-bos.jpg|Signer asks Albemarle Board of Supervisors to keep county's court systems in Court Square
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
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==External Links==
 
==External Links==
  
{{DEFAULTSORT:Signer, Michael}}  
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Signer, Atri Michael "Mike"}}  
 
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[[Category:Alumni of Princeton University]]
 +
[[Category:Attorneys]]
 +
[[Category: Current City Council]]
 +
[[Category: Former Charlottesville Mayors]]
 +
[[Category:Democratic party members]]
 
[[Category:2015 candidates]]
 
[[Category:2015 candidates]]
[[Category: Current City Council]]
 

Latest revision as of 20:45, 2 October 2020

"Mike" Signer (D)
2015-Mike Signer bw.JPG
Atri Michael "Mike" Signer, ca. 2015

Electoral District At-large
Term Start January 1, 2016
Term End December 31, 2019
Preceded by Dede Smith (D)

President (mayor)
Charlottesville City Council
Electoral District Elected by and from council
Term Start January 1, 2016
Term End December 31, 2017
Preceded by Satyendra Huja (D)
Succeeded by Nikuyah Walker (I)

Biographical Information

Date of birth Jan. 1, 1973
Age 47
Place of birth Arlington, Virginia
Spouse Emily Blout (m. 2012)
Children 2
Residence Tonsler Precinct (301)
Alumni Hall Precinct (402)
Alma mater B.A., Princeton University
Ph.D., University of California
J.D., University of Virginia School of Law (class of 2004)[1]
Profession Attorney
Religion Judaism
Website http://www.mikesigner.com/
Campaign $ VPAP
Contributions $ VPAP

See also: Charlottesville City Council (2016-2017), Charlottesville City Council (2018-2019)

Atri Michael "Mike" Signer was a member of the City Council from January 2016 to December 31, 2019. He served as mayor for the first two years of his four-year term.[2] [3]

Brief Bio

Signer is attorney and politician who served as mayor of Charlottesville from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018. A member of the Democratic Party, Signer is managing principal of Madison Law & Strategy Group, PLLC headquartered in Arlington, VA; a boutique strategic counseling firm which he founded in 2010. Signer practices corporate and regulatory law and is Vice President and General Counsel of WillowTree, Inc., a technology firm in Charlottesville. As mayor, Signer formed a Mayor’s Advisory Council on Innovation and Technology to assemble leaders in the capital, business, university, and policy spaces.[4] In 2005, Signer bought a house in the Fifeville Neighborhood. He worked for the Center for American Progress, and with John Podesta on Barack Obama's State Department Transition Team. Signer moved back to Charlottesville in 2013 with his wife, Emily Blout. A lecturer at the University of Virginia, he teaches in both the Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics and the Batten School for Leadership and Public Policy. Signer previously chaired the Emergency Food Network, served as president of the Fifeville Neighborhood Association, and was a member of the steering committee of the West Main Street Redevelopment Project. In 2017, Signer and his wife, Dr. Emily Blout, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Media Studies at the University of Virginia, moved from the Fifeville Neighborhood to the Venable Neighborhood. They have two children who attend a local Montessori School.

2009 election

Signer was a candidate for lieutenant governor in the 2009 election.

2015 election

After moving back to Charlottesville in 2013, Signer got involved with several groups including the Fifeville Neighborhood Association. [1] He was one of three Democratic nominees[5] for three open seats on the City Council. He was elected to the Charlottesville City Council on November 3, 2015. [6]

Candidates Votes %
Wes Bellamy (D) 4,688 29.67
Kathleen M. Galvin (D) incumbent 4,590 29.05
Mike Signer (D) 4,309 27.28
Anson Parker (R) 1,208 7.65
Scott Bandy (I) 691 4.37
Write-In 312 3.0
Source: State Board of Elections[7]


Each voter could vote for up to three candidates.

Candidate Profile Resources
Candidate Mike Signer (D)
Office Charlottesville City Council
Election year 2015 election
Logo-small25.jpg Candidate interviews by Charlottesville Tomorrow
Candidate interview transcript
Candidate interview audio

<mp3player>http://www.cvillepedia.org/mediawiki/images/20150828-Signer-interview.mp3</mp3player>
Source website


Audio of Campaign Announcement

<play audio>http://s3.amazonaws.com/cville/cm%2Fmutlimedia%2F20150211-signer-announcement.MP3 </play audio>


Charlottesville City Council (2016-2017)

On January 4, 2016, at the council's organizational meeting, Signer was unanimously selected by his peers to serve as mayor for a two-year term.

Mayor

Shortly after being selected as mayor, Signer became the target of activist Jeff Fogel who questioned how and why he had been chosen. Former City Council candidate Paul Long questioned the amount of money raised by Signer for the election. Signer spent $51,305 in the general election compared to $28,632 spent by Wes Bellamy and $23,081 spent by Kathy Galvin. [8] Bellamy defended Signer. Fogel tried to respond but was ruled out of order. [9] [10]

  • January 31, 2017 – Mayor Mike Signer holds “Capital of the Resistance” press conference on Downtown Mall.[11]

Committee assignments

Signer was appointed to the following committees in January 2016. [12]

Charlottesville City Council (2018-2019)

2019 election

Signer announced on March 28, 2019 that he would not seek a second term on Council. [13]

Biography

Signer lives in Charlottesville with his wife, Emily Blout, and their twin sons. Signer attended Washington and Lee High School in Arlington County. He credits attending Earth Day in 1990 as one reason he sought out public service. [1] At Princeton University, he helped work on the 1992 presidential campaign of Bill Clinton. After graduation he worked on a series of internships and campaigns including Mark Warner's unsuccessful bid for Senate in 1996. Signer earned a Ph.D. in political science from the University of California, Berkeley, and a J.D. from the University of Virginia School of Law, where he was a Clerk at the Legal Aid Justice Center and Research Assistant to Professors A. E. Dick Howard and Michael Klarman. He has also served as president of the Fifeville Neighborhood Association. Signer bought a house in Fifeville in 2005. Though he later moved out of Charlottesville, he kept the home. [1] Signer moved back to Charlottesville in 2013 with his family. He got involved with several groups including the Fifeville Neighborhood Association. [1]

Signer then worked as a policy fellow for organizations such as Third Way and Center for American Progress. He also taught at Virginia Tech during this period. Signer decided to seek office after being inspired by Tom Perriello's successful run for Virginia's 5th Congressional District. In 2009, he ran for lieutenant governor and received 21 percent of the vote in the Democratic primary. He also founded his law firm, the Madison Law & Strategy Group and wrote his first book. [1]

People.jpg This biographical article is a stub. You can help cvillepedia by expanding it.

Photo gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Web. For Mayor Signer, public service is 'the cause of my life', Chris Suarez, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, January 9, 2016, retrieved December 27, 2016.
  2. Web. Signer as Charlottesville mayor amid public dissension, Chris Suarez, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, January 4, 2016, retrieved December 27, 2016.
  3. Web. Charlottesville City Council meeting minutes, .pdf, Council Chambers, City of Charlottesville, January 4, 2016.
  4. https://www.cvilletomorrow.org/articles/tom-tom-announces-future-forum-to-discuss-the-futu
  5. Web. Signer launches race for Charlottesville City Council, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, February 11, 2015, retrieved February 12, 2015.
  6. Web. 2015 November General - Unofficial Results, Virginia State Board of Elections, November 3, 2015, retrieved November 3, 2015.
  7. Web. 2015 November General, State Board of Elections, November 4, 2011, retrieved July 28, 2016.
  8. Web. Elections for Mike Signer, Virginia Public Access Project, retrieved December 27, 2016.
  9. Web. Signer elected mayor, Bellamy vice mayor, Lisa Provence, News Article, C-Ville Weekly, January 5, 2016, retrieved December 27, 2016.
  10. Web. Charlottesville City Council meeting minutes, .pdf, Council Chambers, City of Charlottesville, January 4, 2016.
  11. Web. FINAL REPORT INDEPENDENT REVIEW OF THE 2017 PROTEST EVENTS IN CHARLOTTESVILLE, VIRGINIA, Hunton & Williams LLP, December 1, 2017, retrieved December 1, 2019.
  12. E-mail. Paige Rice, City of Charlottesville. "RE: list of appointments." Message to Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow. January 7, 2016.
  13. Web. Councilors Bellamy, Signer will not seek re-election, Nolan Stout, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, March 29, 2019, retrieved March 29, 2019.

External Links