Dockless bikes and scooters

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e-scooter parked across from the Rotunda, Dec. 2018

Dockless bikes and scooters are vehicles operated as part of a dockless mobility service (or shared mobility service), in which the service operator stages vehicles in a variety of locations for prospective users. Bikes and scooters are dockless when there is no designated location (or “dock”) to which the bike or scooter is returned. Upon completion of a trip, the user leaves the vehicle parked where it may be used by someone else.

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Usage Trends

The first dockless e-scooters were deployed in Charlottesville by December 2018 as part of a pilot program.[1] Based on data from December 2018 through February 2020, dockless mobility vehicle use was most concentrated near UVa, and the average length of the vehicle trips was 0.75 miles. Maps prepared for a February 27, 2020 Regional Transit Partnership meeting showed that some dockless mobility vehicle trips started and ended in areas of Albemarle County bordering Charlottesville.[2][3]


  • November 5, 2018City Council approves a pilot program to permit the operation of dockless bicycle and e-scooter mobility services [4]
  • December 2018 – Lime deploys e-scooters and bikes in Charlottesville.[5] (Lime’s bikes would later be removed from service, sometime prior to June 17, 2019.[6])
  • January 2019 – Bird deploys e-scooters in January 2019 [7]
  • June 17, 2019City Council votes to extend the pilot program [8]
  • June 26, 2019 – Bird withdraws its service from Charlottesville, indicates it may resume service in future [9] [10]
  • October 31, 2019 – City announces that VeoRide will begin operating in November 2019 [11]
  • November 18, 2019City Council pass first reading of ordinance change to govern usage of e-scooters and e-bikes within city limits [12]
  • November 20, 2019Albemarle Board of Supervisors holds discussion on getting ordinance passed by the end of 2019 [13]
  • December 2, 2019City Council approves the dockless mobility ordinance and permit program (regulating e-scooters and e-bikes) in the second reading of the proposed ordinance. Originally scheduled as part of the consent agenda,[14] the second reading of the proposed ordinance was pulled for an individual vote, where it was approved by a vote of 4 to 1.[15]
  • December 18, 2019Albemarle Board of Supervisors adopts a permit program for dockless mobility services, and adopts regulations on the use of bicycles, e-bicycles, motorized skateboards or scooters, and mopeds [16][17]
  • December 31, 2019 – Lime decides to stop operating in Charlottesville [18]


  1. Web. Tripped up: Mixed reviews for Charlottesville’s scooter experiment, Erin O'Hare, C-VILLE Weekly, Portico Publications, May 8, 2019, retrieved January 5, 2019.
  2. Web. Thomas Jefferson Regional Transit Partnership February 27, 2020 Meeting Minutes, Charlottesville-Albemarle Metropolitan Planning Organization, Thomas Jefferson Regional Transit Partnership, retrieved February 20, 2021.
  3. File:20200227-RTP-Dockless-Data.pdf
  4. Web. Charlottesville City Council meeting minutes, .pdf, Council Chambers, City of Charlottesville, November 5, 2018.
  5. Web. Lime electric scooters launched in Charlottesville, available around Grounds, Caroline Meyer and Jenn Brice, Cavalier Daily, December 17, 2018, retrieved January 7, 2020.
  6. Web. Shared Dockless Mobility Devices Report to City Council - June 17, 2019, retrieved January 7, 2020.
  7. Web. Bird flocks to Charlottesville's burgeoning e-scooter scene, Ruth Serven Smith and Allison Wrabel, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, January 10, 2019, retrieved January 7, 2020.
  8. Web. Charlottesville City Council meeting minutes, .pdf, Council Chambers, City of Charlottesville, June 17, 2019.
  9. Web. Bird temporarily halts e-scooter service in Charlottesville, The Daily Progress staff, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, June 26, 2019, retrieved January 7, 2020.
  10. Web. Bird Scooters Temporarily Pause Services until UVA Students Return, WVIR, June 26, 2019, retrieved January 7, 2020.
  11. Web. Press Release: City Approves VeoRide to operate under the Dockless Mobility Pilot Program, Charlottesville Office of Communications, October 31, 2019, retrieved January 7, 2020.
  12. Web. Scooter regulations pass first reading, Nolan Stout, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, November 18, 2019, retrieved November 20, 2019. Print. November 20, 2019 page A1.
  13. Web. Albemarle fast-tracks policy for e-scooters, Allison Wrabel, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, November 24, 2019, retrieved November 26, 2019. Print. November 25, 2019 page A1.
  14. Web. Agenda for December 2, 2019 Charlottesville City Council, City of Charlottesville, December 2, 2019., retrieved January 4, 2020.
  15. Web. Charlottesville City Council- December 2, 2019, retrieved January 4, 2020.
  16. Web. Albemarle County Board of Supervisors Agenda - December 18, 2020, retrieved January 4, 2020.
  17. Web. Albemarle passes ordinance for use of e-scooters, e-bikes, Allison Wrabel, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, December 20, 2019, retrieved January 4, 2020.
  18. Web. Lime leaving Charlottesville e-scooter program, Bryan McKenzie, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, January 1, 2020, retrieved January 3, 2020. Print. January 1, 2020 page A1.

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