Daphne Spain

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Daphne Spain
Nov152018 DaphneSpain.JPG
Spain in 2016

Electoral District Rivanna
Term Start 2016
Term End 2019
Preceded by Cal Morris

Biographical Information

Spouse Steven Nock (1950 - 2008).
Campaign $ VPAP
Contributions $ VPAP

Daphne Spain was appointed to the Albemarle County Planning Commission to represent the Rivanna District from 2016 to 2019. [1]

Spain plans to retire in December 2016 after thirty years of teaching at the University of Virginia. [2]

Spain recently retired as James M. Page Professor of urban and environmental planning in the School of Architecture at the University of Virginia. In 2013 she won the Cavalier's Distinguished Teaching Professorship. Her scholarship addresses the relationship between the built environment and social structure, with an emphasis on gender. [citation needed]

In February 2016, Spain was invited to provide an essay to the Department of Sociology at UNC-Chapel Hill with recollections of her Class of 1972. In the essay, Spain noted "I transferred to UNC in 1970 from the University of South Florida in Tampa, where I had taken intro to sociology and a course in race relations. (Being a child of the South from a good white liberal family, I was constantly reminded of status inequalities by race and wanted to learn more.) Due to funding opportunities, I wrote my dissertation on the consequences of racial residential segregation for the status of African Americans. ....I earned my Ph.D. from UMass in 1977 and continued to focus on racial inequities to avoid being branded a raging feminist."[3]

Written before the release of Constructive Feminism, Spain noted in her 2016 essay, "It has been a pleasure to chart my feminist origins to my days in Chapel Hill, and to have this essay coincide with the publication of a book that celebrates those times and places."[4]


  • Ph.D. 1977, University of Massachusetts, Amherst - Sociology/Demography
  • M.A. 1974, University of Massachusetts, Amherst - Sociology
  • B.A. 1972, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill - Sociology [5]


  • "Constructive Feminism: Women's Spaces and Women's Rights in the American City" (Cornell University Press, 04 May 2016); As of November 2018, her most recent book examines the deliberate and unintended spatial consequences of feminism's second wave, a social movement dedicated to reconfiguring power relations between women and men. Placing the women's movement of the 1970s in the context of other social movements that have changed the use of urban space, Spain argues that reform feminists used the legal system to end the mandatory segregation of women and men in public institutions, while radical activists created small-scale places that gave women the confidence to claim their rights to the public sphere.
  • "How Women Saved the City" (University of Minnesota Press, 2001) [1], explores the importance of redemptive places built by women volunteers at the turn of the 20th century.
  • "Balancing Act: Motherhood, Marriage and Employment among American Women" (with Suzanne Bianchi, 1996) [2].
  • "Gendered Spaces" 1992. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. [ http://www.amazon.com/Gendered-Spaces-Daphne-Spain/dp/0807843571] (1992). In the book, Spain noted that it was the parallel between racial and gender inequalities that inspired this book in which she "argued that women’s status is lowest in societies in which women and men are spatially separated in homes, schools, and workplaces. Like African Americans, women suffer from a lack of access to resources held by those with power."[6]
  • "Introduction to Sociology". 3rd edition. 1991. (with Lewis A. Coser, Steven L. Nock, and Patricia Steffan).
  • "American Women in Transition" (with Suzanne M. Bianchi). 1986.
  • "Back to the City: Issues in Neighborhood Renovation" (Edited with Shirley Laska), 1980.[7]

Various Articles in Refereed Journals

Note: A refereed journal contains articles that have been through a peer review process.

  • Safe Havens for Cleveland’s Virtuous Women, 1868-1928 Journal of Planning History 3 (Nov 2004): 267-291.
  • Redemptive places, charitable choice, and welfare reform Journal of the American Planning Association 67 (Summer 2001):249-262.
  • Direct and default policies in the transformation of public housing Journal of Urban Affairs 17 (1995): 357-376.
  • Gendered spaces and women's status Sociological Theory 11 (July 1993): 137-151.
  • A gentrification research agenda for the 1990s Journal of Urban Affairs 14 (1992): 125-134.
  • The effect of residential mobility and household composition on housing quality. Urban Affairs Quarterly 25 (June 1990): 659-683.
  • Why higher income households move to central cities Journal of Urban Affairs 11 (1989): 283-299.
  • The effect of changing household composition on neighborhood satisfaction Urban Affairs Quarterly 23 (June 1988): 581-600.
  • An examination of residential preferences in the suburban era Sociological Focus 21 (January 1988): 1-8.
  • Neighborhood revitalization and racial change: The case of Washington, D.C. Demography 22 (November 1985): 581-602 (with Barrett Lee and Debra Umberson).
  • Racial inequalities in housing: An examination of recent trends, Demography 19 (February 1982): 37-52 (with Suzanne M. Bianchi and Reynolds Farley). Reprinted in Jamshid A. Momeni (ed.) Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States Westport, Conn.:Greenwood Press, 1986.

Black-to-white successions in central city housing: Limited evidence of urban revitalization, Urban Affairs Quarterly 15 (June 1980): 381-396.

  • Urban policy and planning in the wake of gentrification; Anticipating renovators' demands. Journal of the American Planning Association 45 (October 1979): 523-531 (with Shirley Laska). Reprinted in Symposium on Neighborhood Revitalization, Chicago, Ill.: American Planning Association, 1979.
  • Race relations and residential segregation in New Orleans: Two centuries of paradox, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 441 (January 1979): 82-96.
  • City-suburban socioeconomic differences among American Blacks Social Forces Volume 56 (September 1977): 15-20 (with Wade Clark Roof).
  • Residential segregation in southern cities: 1970 (September 1976): Social Forces, Volume 55, Issue 1, (September 1976): Pages 59–71, [8] (with Wade Clark Roof and Thomas L. Van Valey).[9]


External Links