Wells Fargo Building

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National Bank
National Bank, now Wells Fargo Bank 123 East Main Street

The Wells Fargo Building (formerly the Wachovia Building and originally the National Bank building) is an 8-story office building at 119-123 E. Main Street built in 1919.[1] One of Charlottesville's two early 'skyscrapers' (along with the Monticello Hotel), it holds the distinction of being the tallest building on the Downtown Mall.[2]


National Bank and Trust Company, founded in 1914, constructed the building in 1919. Intended to out-class the bank's chief business rival People's National Bank across the street, the building was designed by architect William Johnston Marsh of Washington, D.C. firm Marsh & Peter with a soaring 2-story lobby featuring mahogany and marble, with a pink granite base and sandstone block front.[3][4][5]

On July 1, 1919, George G. Polley, a.k.a. “The Human Fly” scaled the exterior of the building.[6][7]

National Bank merged with Jefferson National Bank in 1985, which in turn was acquired by Wachovia in 2007.[8]

In 2005, First States Group LP bought the building from Wachovia for $4 million.[2]

Hunter Craig purchased the building from First States Group for $6.65 million on September 30, 2008 — one day before the sale of Wachovia was announced.[2] The building was assessed at $17 million at the time.[9]


  1. Web. Historic Resources Committee - Transit Station Exhibits, City of Charlottesville, retrieved 2018-11-26.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Web. Hunter Craig buys Wachovia building for $6.7M, Will Goldsmith, C-VILLE Weekly, Portico Publications, October 22, 2008, retrieved 2018-11-26.
  3. Web. More than a Mall: A Guide to Historic Downtown Charlottesville, Albemarle Charlottesville Historical Society, 2010, retrieved 2018-11-26.
  4. Web. A Walking Tour of Charlottesville, Virginia (Look Up, America!), Doug Gelbert, retrieved 2018-11-26.
  5. Web. A Walking Tour of the Geology of the Building Stones of Downtown Charlottesville, Virginia, Mary Loose DeViney, Virginia Rockhounder, retrieved 2018-11-26.
  6. Web. 'The Human Fly' scaled the 'Old Bank Building' in Charlottesville in 1919, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, Jul 1, 2017, retrieved 2018-11-26.
  7. Web. Historic Charlottesville Tour Book, Charlottesville's Historic Resource Task Force in conjunction with the Albemarle County Historical Society, retrieved 2018-11-26.
  8. Web. A Guide to the Papers of the Jefferson National Bank ca. 1914-1998, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, retrieved 2018-11-26.
  9. Web. UVA loses half a billion, Charlottesville deals, Lisa Provence, The Hook, Better Publications LLC, Oct 24th, 2008, retrieved 2018-11-26. Print. Oct 30th, 2008 , #0744, .

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