Timeline of voting methods use in Charlottesville

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This is a timeline of voting methods used in Charlottesville


  • 2015 – Beginning with this election day, Tuesday November 3, all City of Charlottesville voters were using digitally scanned paper ballots. The City had acquired Hart Verity, an integrated voting system which provides two ways of marking a paper ballot in the polling place, conventionally by hand (with a pen), or by using an ADA compliant, accessible machine and printer to mark and print the ballot. Both types of ballots are scanned and counted in the precinct in an identical manner. The same kind of ballot is used for absentee voting by mail. The vendor is Hart InterCivic, based in Austin, Texas. The city has been using this vendor since 2002. [1]
  • October 2015 – Officers of Election who work at the polls on election day were trained on the new Hart Verity equipment delivered in July. [1]
  • 2015 – In July, the new Hart Verity equipment was delivered, and the old equipment was traded in and picked up by the vendor. Acceptance testing was later conducted on the new equipment, and staff was trained.[1]
  • 2015 (Democratic Primary) – The Democratic Primary held in June was the last Charlottesville election to use the eSlate and eScan voting machines. [1]
  • 2014 – The Virginia Department of Elections (ELECT) was formed. ELECT conducts the State Board of Elections' administrative and programmatic operations and discharges the board's duties consistent with delegated authority. [2]
ELECT is authorized to establish and maintain a statewide automated voter registration system to include procedures for ascertaining current addresses of registrants; to require cancellation of records for registrants no longer qualified; to provide electronic application for voter registration and absentee ballots; and to provide electronic delivery of absentee ballots to eligible military and overseas voters. ELECT is made up of three business units that work with a regulatory board. [2]
  • 2008 – Hart eScan machines and scanner-read paper ballots were made available in Charlottesville polling places for high turnout elections in addition to the familiar eSlate machines (DREs). [1]
Hart InterCivic Inc. is a privately held United States company that provides election technologies and services to government jurisdictions. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, Hart products are used by hundreds of jurisdictions nationwide.
  • 2007 – The Virginia General Assembly passed the first of a series of state laws limiting the acquisition of (and thereby phasing out use of) DRE voting machines in the state. [1]
  • 2002 – Hart eSlate voting machines replaced punchcard machines in Charlottesville. The eSlate is classified as “DRE” or direct recording electronic voting equipment. [1]
  • 2002 – A high-speed Hart-programmed scanner was first used to tabulate mailed absentee ballots. This was the city’s first use of scanned paper ballots, similar to those that will now be used by all voters. [1]

After the close 2000 presidential election, the 2002 Help America Vote Act provided federal funds to help localities replace punchcard and lever machines. [1]

  • 1985 – Eight lever machines purchased in 1972 were sold for $2500 to Virginia Election Services, a private vendor, and 24 lever machines bought in the late 1950s were given to UVA, which had been borrowing them for student council elections for several years. [1]
  • 1984 – Punchcard ballots and tabulators (called a “computer election system” in electoral board minutes) replaced lever machines in Charlottesville. [1]
  • 1958 – Lever machines purchased from the Automatic Voting Machine Corp., of Jamestown, NY, replaced hand counted paper ballots at the polls in Charlottesville. (The machines were nicknamed “AVMs.”) Manually counted paper ballots were still used as mailed absentee ballots. [1]
  • 1946 – The Virginia State Board of Elections (SBE) was created as “a nonpolitical agency responsible for ensuring uniformity, fairness, accuracy and purity in all elections in the Commonwealth of Virginia.” [2]
Two women with political ribbons armbands "VHSL&AL"; Thelma Atkinson (L) and unknown, ca. 1915
    • 1922Annie W. Walker (1874-1960) ran unsuccessfully for one of three open seats on the city council in the 1922 election. She was the first woman to run for a seat on the city council after the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920.
    • 1920 – Women's suffrage in Virginia was granted with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment. The General Assembly, Virginia's governing legislative body, did not ratify the Nineteenth Amendment until 1952.
  • 1901-1902 – The Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902 produced the 1902 Constitution which included a poll tax and other voter registration measures which disenfranchised large numbers of blacks and working-class whites.
  • 1894 – The Virginia General Assembly passed a law requiring the state to supply official ballots that listed all candidates (the “Australian” or secret ballot). [1]
  • 1870 – In Virginia, ballots printed by the parties replaced viva voce (voice) voting. [1]
In parliamentary procedure, a voice vote (from the Latin viva voce, meaning "live voice") or acclamation is a voting method in deliberative assemblies (such as legislatures) in which a group vote is taken on a topic or motion by responding orally.

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  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 Web. History of Voting Methods used in Charlottesville, Virginia, Charlottesville Voter Registration Office, October 29, 2015, retrieved December 12, 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Web. About Us: History, Virginia Department of Elections, 2020, retrieved December 12, 2020.
  3. Web. </ref , staff, Daily Progress, Charlottesville, VA, October 29, 1902, retrieved May 27, 2019.
  4. http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/afam/politics/newsclipping.html

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