Significant events that happened (or will happen) on May 23.
- 1931 – The University of Virginia Board of Visitors appoints John L. Newcomb as acting president following the death of Edwin A. Alderman on April 30th. 
- 1895 – Municipal elections held in Charlottesville.  At the time the city had four wards but all four Councilors were unopposed in this election.
- 1901 – The first city election under 1899-1900 Charter along with the delegates to the Virginia Convention of June 12, 1901 to June 26, 1902. Owning to the fact that the Democratic had no opposition, the total vote cast was very small, only 301. The Republicans, with few exceptions, refrained from voting. The two Democratic candidates for delegates to the Constitutional Convention were William H. Boaz and J. H. Lindsay.  The Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901-1902 was an assembly of delegates elected by the voters to write the fundamental law of Virginia. The Convention produced the Virginia Constitution of 1902 which authorized the General Assembly to revise voting and registration laws to deprive African Americans of the right to vote and hold public office; it remained in effect until 1971.
- 1961 – Charlottesville voters went to the polls in a referendum to determine whether an area town known as Cox's Row should be used as a public housing site by the Charlottesville Redevelopment and Housing Authority. 
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- Web. Newcomb Named Temporary Head, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, May 23, 1931, retrieved May 23, 2016 from University of Virginia Library.
- Web. Alfred S. Thomas, Jr. Recommended for Police Chief, City of Charlottesville, April 12, 2016, retrieved May 23, 2016.
- Web. In The City and In the County, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, May 23, 1895, retrieved May 23, 2016 from University of Virginia Library. Print. May 23, 1895 page 1.
- Web. Small Vote Cast – Not Opposition to the Ticket, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, May 24, 1901, retrieved May March 1, 2019 from University of Virginia Library, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm collection.. Print. May 24, 1901 page 1.
- Web. Voting Heavy in Cox's Row Referendum, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, May 23, 1925, retrieved May 23, 2016 from University of Virginia Library. Print. May 23, 1925 page 1.