List of City Councilors

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See also List of Charlottesville City Council sessions; City Council

1928 to present

In 1928 an amendment to the city charger was granted. The city council created under that charter amendment consists of five members. From 1922 to 1928 the "Modified Commission Form" of city municipal government consisting of three council members.

See: List of members of Charlottesville City Council from 1928 to present

1946-present (Council-Manager, at-large)

See also: City charter: 1946 Charter / Form of government: Council-Manager City population in 1950: 25,969 / City population in 1960: 29,427 / City population in 1970: 38,880 / City population in 1980: 39,916 / City population in 1990: 40,341 / City population in 2000: 40,099 / City population in 2010: 43,475

From September 1, 1946 to present, the City of Charlottesville has operated under a Council-Manager form of government. Charlottesville voters elect a five member Council to serve at-large (citywide) as the City’s legislative and governing body. The terms of Council members are staggered so that three are elected in one year and two are elected two years later. The members serve four year terms. Following the last election, the members select one Councilor to serve as Mayor and one as Vice Mayor for two years. If a vacancy occurs, Council elects a new member to serve out the unexpired term.

Since 2007, Municipal elections have been held in November in odd-numbered years. Following the last election, Charlottesville's new City Council begins its two-year term on January 1. From 1972 until 2006, City Council elections were held in May of even-numbered years and the new Council began on July 1. Prior to 1970, Municipal elections were held in June of even-numbered years and the new Council began on September 1.

1928-1946 (Commission-Business Manager) Council Representatives (5) members elected at-large

City population in 1930: 15,245 / City population in 1940: 19,400

City charter: 1922 Charter / Form of government: Commission

From September 1, 1928 to August 31, 1946, the council was composed of five commissioners elected at large.

1922 to 1928 (Commissioner-Manager) Council Representatives (3) elected at-large

City charter: 1922 Charter / Form of government: modified commission

The City of Charlottesville switched from a ward (district-based) election to an at-large election system in 1922.

Charlottesville's charter was modified by an act of the Legislature. On September 1, 1922, the city was taken over by the Commissioner-Manager form of government. The voters choose three commissioners at-large, one of whom was selected by the Commission to served as Mayor. The Commissioners employed a Business Manager, who served in an executive capacity.

Council membership in those years was as follows:

1922-1924

Election: June 13, 1922 / Term: September 1, 1922 to August 31, 1924

1924-1926

Election: June 1924 / Term: September 1, 1924 to August 31, 1926

1926-1928

Election: June 1926 / Term: September 1, 1926 to August 31, 1928

1900 to 1922 (Bicameral Council)

  • Council Representatives (12)
  • Council Representatives elected by Wards

City population in 1900: 6,449 / City population in 1910: 6,765 / City population in 1920: 10,688 (58.0% growth from 1910)

City charter: 1899/1900 Charter / Form of government: week-mayor council. Duties of an executive or administrative character were performed by several council committees under ordinances.
The Virginia Constitution of 1902 (Art. VIII, Sec. 121) provided that cities should operate under mayor-council government; cities with more than 10,000 people were required to establish a bicameral councils.

The city was governed by an executive mayor and a 12-member bicameral council. Voters in each ward selected one member to the city board of aldermen and two members to the common council who lived in that ward. Duties of an executive or administrative character were performed by several councilor headed committees under ordinances. The Mayor, elected at-large (city-wide) did not vote except in case of a tie vote of the members of the Council present at the meeting. The Mayor played a central role in selecting committee chairs and members. The President of the Council functioned as Mayor when the Mayor was absent from a Council meeting.

School Board: 4-member school board; one board member was appointed by the council from each of the city's four wards, while the Mayor served as the board president.

1913 Municipal Business Manager

In September 1913, the City of Charlottesville's form of government was modified wherein the Mayor became the city's Business Manager. A Municipal Business Manager was provided for Charlottesville by ordinance. All duties of an executive or administrative character, which had previously been performed by several councilor headed committees under ordinances, which were in force before the creation of the new office were then required to be discharged exclusively by Municipal Business Manager, the committees acting in an advisory capacity. [1]

1914 to 1916

1914 election: June 9, 1914 / Term: September 1, 1914 to August 31, 1916

First Ward, L. T. Hanckel jr, S. A. Birch, W. R. Barksdale; Second Ward, A. D. Payne, R. C. Walker, W. E. Graves; Third Ward, Edward A. Joachim, James E. Gleason, W. F. Sunder Jr; Fourth Ward, John S. Patton, J. P. Ellington, M. V. Pence

1888 to 1900 (Common Council, four wards)

City population in 1900: 6,449

City charter: 1888 Charter / Form of government: mayor-common council

Charlottesville incorporated as a city in 1888. The first city charter provided for a biennially elected mayor and a twelve-member board of aldermen (three alderman were elected from each of the four wards). The City of Charlottesville was governed by this common council from 1888 to 1900, when a new city charter was put into effect. The President of the Council functioned as Mayor when the Mayor was absent from a Council meeting.

1900 – 1950 forms of government

  • Common council with twelve members elected by district (four wards). Elected at-large mayor; council president mayor pro tempore.
  • Bicameral council elected by district (four wards); four aldermen and eight councilmen. Elected at-large mayor; council president mayor pro tempore. All duties of an executive or administrative character were performed by several council committees under ordinance.
  • Mayor-Business Manager: At-large elected Mayor also served as Business Manager; all duties of an executive or administrative character were discharged exclusively by the Municipal Business Manager; committees acting in an advisory capacity. Legislative council with twelve members elected by district (four wards).
  • Commission form of city government: (as known as the Galveston Plan) composed of three at-large elected members of the city council (commissioners); one commissioner was designated to function as president of the council or mayor.
  • Modified commission with five members of the city council; council president acting as mayor.
  • Modified city manager with five at-large elected members of the city council; council president acting as mayor.
  • (Straight) Council-manager form with five at-large elected members of the city council; council president acting as mayor.
  • Web. The American City, Vol. XIII, No. 5, Contributors Arthur Hastings Grant, Harold Sinley Buttenheim, Original from Harvard University, The Civic Press, Buttenheim Publishing Corporation, 87 Nassau Street, New York, July-December,1915; Digitized Mar 21, 2007, The Google Books Digital Content Store, retrieved August 4, 2019.