Fluvanna County is on the southeastern border of Albemarle County. The county was founded in 1777 as a subdivision of Albemarle and was named after the Fluvanna River, which was what the James River was called west of Columbia in the 18th century. The county seat is the town of Palmyra. 
The county is undergoing a Comprehensive Plan update in 2022. 
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Fluvanna is a member of the Thomas Jefferson Planning District Commission.
There is a five member Board of Supervisors. Eric Dahl is the county administrator.
2012 firing of temporary administrator, four others
After county administrator Jay Scudder resigned in November 2011, planning director Darren Coffey was appointed as interim administrator. On March 7, 2012, the Board of Supervisors announced his firing Darren Coffey as well as that of four other department heads. Coffey had given raises to dozens of county employees without the Board's permission.   The vote was 3-2 and was panned by several former members of the Board of Supervisors. 
- Mozell H. Booker, Fork Union District
- Patricia B. Eager, Palmyra District
- Anthony P. O’Brien, Rivanna District
- John M. Sheridan, Columbia District
- Christopher Fairchild, Cunningham District
- Barry Bibb, Cunningham District, Chair
- Gequetta “G” Murray-Key, Rivanna District Vice Chair
- Mike Goad, Fork Union District
- Ed Zimmer, Columbia District
- Howard Lagomarsino, Palmyra District
- Patricia Eager, Board of Supervisors Representative
Treasurer Linda H. Lenherr was re-elected.
A.M. "Mel" Sheridan Jr was re-elected as Commissioner of Revenue.
Commonwealth's Attorney Jeffrey W. Haislip was unopposed for another term.
Mozell H. Booker was re-elected to represent the Fork Union District on the Board of Supervisors.
Patricia B. Eager was re-elected to represent the Palmyra District on the Board of Supervisors.
Eric B. Hess was re-elected as Sheriff.
Angus A. Murdock and Tom Pratley won seats on the Thomas Jefferson Soil and Water Conservation District.  
Supervisors voted to advertise a tax rate of $0.884 per $100 of assessed value, lower than the FY21 rate of $0.925. 
Fluvanna received $4.8 million in CARES Act funding in this fiscal year, as well as $2.65 million in American Rescue Plan Act funding. 
Fluvanna County experienced significant budget shortfalls for the 2013 fiscal year, resulting in complete cuts to funding for regional groups Jefferson Area Board for Aging, JAUNT, Offender Aid and Restoration and StreamWatch.
Comprehensive Plan review
The final workshop in a Comprehensive Plan review was held in mid-June of 2022. Further work sessions will be held this fall before adoption possibly by the end of the year. 
Fluvanna is seeking to expand its water supply by building a pipe from the James River. But people in the Point of Fork area are concerned it will affect a Revolutionary War battlefield and hurt their quality of life. County officials say they need to secure resources for the future. 
The nonprofit Fluvanna Heritage Trail Foundation is working with the county to build a series of pathways across the community. In April 2017 the group announced plans to build a 2.5 mile trail near Lake Monticello called the Crofton Trail. 
- Web. , Eric Dahl, Annual Comprehensive Financial Report, Fluvanna County, Fluvanna County, retrieved December 12, 2021.
- Web. [University of Virginia Weldon Cooper Center, Demographics Research Group. (2020) Virginia Population Estimates], University of Virginia Weldon Cooper Center, Demographics Research Group, retrieved May 31, 2022.
- Web. Population growth up 12.8 percent, Sean Tubbs, News Article, Town Crier Productions, January 29, 2022, retrieved May 31, 2022.
- Web. Residents want Fluvanna to stay rural, Heather Michon, News Article, Fluvanna Review, June 15, 2022, retrieved June 23, 2022.
- Web. Secret pay raises lead to firings, state investigation, Ruthann Carr and Carlos Santos, News Article, Fluvanna County, March 22, 2012, retrieved December 7, 2021.
- Web. Pay Dispute Rocks Fluvanna Government, William J. Des Rochers, Blog post, Free Enterprise Forum, March 12, 2012, retrieved December 10, 2021.
- Web. Dismay at Firings, Charles Allbaugh, Cecil Cobb, Len Gardner, John Gooch, and Marvin Moss, Letter to the Editor, Fluvanna Review, March 22, 2012, retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Web. Planning Commission, Fluvanna County, retrieved July 10, 2022.
- Web. Some incumbents ousted across Central Virginia, Ruth Serven Smith, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, November 5, 2019, retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Web. Unofficial Results for Buckingham County, Virginia State Board of Elections, November 6, 2019, retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Web. Supervisors eye budget and tax rates, Heather Michon, News Article, Fluvanna Review, April 2021, retrieved April 24, 2021.
- Web. JAUNT to end bus service in Fluvanna, Bryan McKenzie, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, May 9 2012
- Web. Analyzing area's growth will be key for future planning, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, February 5, 2011, retrieved February 9, 2011.
- Web. Virginia Population Estimates, Website, Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, January 30, 2017, retrieved April 4, 2017.
- Web. Fluvanna County Neighbors Rally Against Proposed Water Lines, Sean Cudahy, NBC29, October 16, 2015, retrieved October 18, 2015.
- Web. Fluvanna County Unveils Plans for Riverside Trails, Matt Telheim, News Article, NBC29, April 4, 2017, retrieved April 4, 2017.