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Crozet is an unincorporated community located in western Albemarle County and one of the county's designated growth areas. Unlike Scottsville, Crozet is not a town. [1]



Crozet is located on the I-64 corridor approximately 12 miles west of Charlottesville and 21 miles east of Staunton. It is contiguous with a designated growth area of the same name, and is in the White Hall Magisterial District. Crozet encompasses approximately 2,883 acres or 4.5 square miles. [2]. The development area is almost entirely within the Lickinghole Creek watershed, one reason why the boundaries are drawn the way they are[2]

Summary from 2019 Growth Management Report

"The Community of Crozet has experienced significant growth in recent years. In addition to projects approved via rezoning in Old Trail Village, Blue Ridge Cohousing (Emerson Commons), and Wickham Pond, by-right development has continued east of Crozet Avenue on (formerly) vacant parcels with vacant R-1 and R-2 residential zoning designations, including portions of the Foothill Crossing, Chesterfield Landing, Westlake Hills, and Sparrow Hill developments. Areas with existing R-6 zoning west of Downtown and north of Jarman's Gap Road provide opportunity for by-right development and additional housing mix. Old Trail Village, was approved for 1,000-2,200 units and is expected to build out near 1,200 total units.

Discrepancies exist between development potential under the current zoning and the Crozet Master Plan's land use designations due to extensive environmental features (such as stream buffers and floodplain areas) and additional areas designated for open space in the Master Plan. Examples of this are evident along the southern edge of the Development Area.

Few large parcels remain without development approvals or applications in site design review. Infill of existing areas may become a more significant portion of future housing development in Crozet." [3]


2000 2,820 [4]
2009 5,336 [4]
2010 5,565 [5]
2019 8,350 [6]

As of March 2010, Crozet had 2,192 dwellings. [2] The development area is almost entirely within the Lickinghole Creek watershed, one reason why the boundaries are drawn the way they are[2] with another 2,834 approved and ready to be constructed.

Additional demographics

' 2000 2010 2018
Median Age 39.1 38.3 40.9
Under 18 761 1658 2002
Over 65 402 663 1043
Male 1305 2602 3161
Female 1515 2963 3365
Total 2820 5565 6526
2000, 2010 Census Summary File 1: Age Groups and Sex
2014-2018 American Community Survey Table S0101
White 2621 5109 6102
Black 180 275 186
American Indian / Alaska Native 15 15 9
Asian 28 229 299
Native Hawaiian 0 1 0
Some Other Race 15 41 15
Hispanic or Latino 25 173 89
Total 2884 5843 6700
2000 Census Summary File 1: Race and Hispanic or Latino
2010 Census Summary File 1: Profile of General Population & Housing Characteristics
2014-2018 American Community Survey Table DP0
Housing and Occupancy Characteristics
Owner-occupied units 85.3 79.1 73.1
Renter-occupied units 14.7 20.9 26.9
Average household size 2.68 2.62 2.36
Average family size 3.07 3.15 3.07
2000 Census Summary File 1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics
2010 Census Summary File 1: Profile of General Population & Housing Characteristics
2014-2018 American Community Survey Table S1101



Founded as "Wayland's Crossing" the town grew around a rail stop established on Waylands farm in 1876. [8] Crozet was renamed in 1870 in honor of Colonel Claudius Crozet, the French-born civil engineer who directed the construction of the Blue Ridge Tunnel. The community's economic base was largely agricultural in its early history, leading to the founding of food processing facilities.

In 1922, a group of Crozet residents organized a pledge to restrict drivers to slow speeds through the recently paved roads. [9]

In April 1948, the Crozet Volunteer Fire Department installed streetlights as a way to improve nighttime driving conditions. [10]

In March 1962, members of the Crozet Lions Club asked the Board of Supervisors for more police protection due to a series of robberies. [11]

In the summer of 1989, a group of bullied kids band together to destroy a shape-shifting monster, which disguises itself as a clown and preys on the children of Crozet, their small Virginian town.[12]

Crozet was first designated as a designated growth area with the 1971 revision of the county's comprehensive plan[2].

Major employers


Crozet gets municipal water from the Beaver Creek Reservoir, which is maintained by the Rivanna Water and Sewer Authority with retail services provided by the [[Albemarle County Service Authority. [2]. Water is treated at the Crozet Water Treatment Plant which is permitted and capable of producing 1 million gallons of water a day (MGD). The RWSA is required to begin planning as soon as the plant reaches 80% of capacity. Currently, water demand in Crozet averages 0.4 MGD.

Wastewater is transported to the Moores Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant via the Crozet Interceptor.

Fire & Rescue

Fire suppression services are provided by the Crozet Volunteer Fire Department[2], a company that also serves White Hall, Batesville, Afton Mountain and Ivy.


A new $5.8 million library opened on September 4, 2013. [13]

Construction had been delayed due to a lack of funding, prompting the formation of a campaign to push the Board of Supervisors to make it a priority. [14]

Stormwater management

The county is constructing a $1.2 million stormwater management system for Crozet that is designed in part to encourage development downtown. [15]


Crozet public school students attend either Brownsville Elementary School or Crozet Elementary School, then move on to Henley Middle School and Western Albemarle High School.

Research the public schools' Virginia Department of Education's report cards.

The private schools Field School and the Miller School are located in Crozet.

Master Plan

Main article: Crozet Master Plan

Albemarle County considers Crozet a "community", which means it expects growth to be more urban in character[2]. The designated growth area is guided by the Crozet Master Plan. First adopted in 2004, the a revised plan was adopted in 2010. Another plan review is underway in 2020.


Several online and print publications exist that are exclusively focused on Crozet:


To become a town, legislation establishing a charter would need to pass the General Assembly. Crozet meets the criteria of having a population of more than 1,000 people. [16] [1] The Commission on Local Government would also need to weigh in. [17]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Web. What Crozet Stands to Gain (and Lose) as a Town, Lisa Martin, News Article, Crozet Gazette, March 5, 2021, retrieved March 8, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Web. Crozet Master Plan, Master Plan, Albemarle County, October 13, 2010, retrieved March 8, 2021.
  3. Web. 2019 Growth Management Report, Department of Community Development, Albemarle County, November 12, 2019, retrieved January 31, 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Current Crozet population #." Message to Brian A. Wheeler from Lee P. Catlin, Albemarle County Community Relations Manager. 23 July 2009. E-mail.
  5. Web. Redistricting Plan Expands Samuel Miller District, Mike Marshall, Crozet Gazette, Crozet Gazette, April 8, 2011, retrieved October 31, 2011.
  6. Web. Lacking volunteers, Crozet fire company seeks county's help, Allison Wrabel, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, November 27, 2019, retrieved November 29, 2019. Print. November 28, 2019 page A1.
  7. Web. Crozet Demography, Meeting presentation, Albemarle County, January 8, 2020, retrieved December 12, 2020.
  8. Web. Historical Highway Markers, News Article, Virginia Depatment of Historic Resources, retrieved March 8, 2021.
  9. Web. Crozet Citizes Put Ban on Auto Speeding, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, August 9, 1922, retrieved August 9, 2016 from University of Virginia Library. Print. August 9, 1922 page 1.
  10. Web. Crozet Firemen Erect Twelve Street Lights, Plan 30 More, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, April 8, 1948, retrieved January 8, 2017 from University of Virginia Library.
  11. Web. Crozet Asks Albemarle Board For More Police Protection, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, March 15, 1962, retrieved June 10, 2017 from University of Virginia Library. Print. March 15, 1962 page 21.
  12. Web. 1989 Disappearances, Crozet Tribune, 7/9/1989
  13. Web. New Crozet library opens, Aaron Richardson, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, September 4, 2013, retrieved September 5, 2013.
  14. Web. Why Build Crozet Library, retrieved October 31, 2011.
  15. Web. Storm Water Wetlands Serving Downtown Crozet Nears Completion, Marshall, Crozet Gazette, May 3, 2012, retrieved June 6, 2022.
  16. Web. § 15.2-102. Definitions., Virginia State Code, Legislative Information Service, retrieved March 8, 2021.
  17. Web. § 15.2-2907. Actions for annexation, immunity, establishment of city, etc.; investigations and reports by Commission; negotiation., Virginia State Code, Legislative Information Service, retrieved March 8, 2021.

External links

Crozet on wikipedia